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Wednesday, December 22, 2010

EASTERN NEW YORK Timeline - 1650-1654


Jan 23

Maidstone (East Hampton), Long Island, settlers Thomas Baker, Robert Bond and John Mulford, meet with Southampton representatives to set common boundaries, both sides agreeing to keep hogs and cattle away from the lines.

Apr 27

Lion Gardiner writes to Governor Winthrop to ask that a minister be provided for Maidstone. He lists the books on religion that he can supply a young candidate.

Sep 29

The Treaty of Hartford divides Long Island, along a line from western Oyster Bay directly south, between the Dutch and the English, allowing the Dutch to keep their Hartford lands. Peter Stuyvesant represents the Dutch.

Oct 3

Maidstone elects a constable and four deputies to act as a court, passes legislation concerning town meetings and cast-up whales. ** United English Colony commissioners meet in Hartford, Connecticut, resolve to take Maidstone under their protection, while allowing the town to remain independent.

Nov 27

Maidstone contracts with Vinson Meigs to build and operate a mill, paying him 50 pounds sterling in produce, meat or wampum, and twenty acres of land. The town will transport the timber and millstone to the site. The work must be completed by next June 4th.

Dec 12

Philip Pieterson Schuyler, having arrived from Amsterdam in the Netherlands, earlier in the year, marries Margretta van Schlectenhorst, at Fort Orange (Albany).


Mar 7

The Connecticut General Court summons Maidstone, Long Island, settler Ralph Dayton to appear before it to register the colony and receive new laws for its governance. All settlers will fence their property, load guns for shooting wolves only outside a one-mile perimeter from the village, and keep their dogs confined when the animal's in heat.

Apr 16

Maidstone receives a receipt for its grant from Connecticut.

May 14

Maidstone assigns each householder a strip of land behind his home for his private use, apart from common lands and woodland.

May 19

Maidstone decides that when cattle break through fences and cause harm the animal shall be marked by a piece of wood on its horns.

Aug 23

Maidstone agrees to pay the Reverend Thomas James, its first minister, 45 pounds sterling a year, tax-free land, and the first grain ground every Monday.

Oct 7

Maidstone's General Court calls for a three-man committee to officiate for the coming year, instructs Daniel Turner to find a home with a local family or leave the area, and gives homeowners six weeks to acquire a ladder capable of reaching the top of any thatched roof.

Nov 6

Maidstone establishes a watch for beached whales, places John Mulford in charge. Provision is made to arm each adult male.

Nov 17

Maidstone residents make plans to build a meeting house, agreeing that in the meantime Thomas Baker will be paid 18 pence for each time meetings are held at his house.


Mar 23

An official deed is issued in Connecticut in acknowledgment of the transfer of New York's Shelter Island from the Long Island tribes to Captain Nathaniel Silvester and Ensign John Booth.

Apr 1

New Netherland director general Pieter Stuyvesant establishes the village of Beverwyck (Albany), the second municipality in the future New York State, after Breuckelen (Brooklyn).

May 4

Maidstone arranges for laying out further lots on the "East plaine" and confirms the claims of Ralph Daiton, William Edwards, and Thomas Osborne, Sr.

May 8

Maidstone orders the platting of town lots on the plain, with provision for a road to the village of Wainscott.

May 17

Maidstone orders every landowner with half a dozen cows to provide a bull as well; six pence in stud fees will be paid for every cow impregnated, for the rest of the year.

Jul 2

A son, Gysbert, is born to Philip Pieterson Schuyler and Margretta van Schlectenhorst in Beverwyck (Albany).

Jul 7

Maidstone's General Court orders that the Accabonacc meadows be divided into three parts to facilitate the harvesting of salt hay. Roads are ordered into the northwest meadows, with 30 acres of hay left uncut for the time being.


The Indians of eastern Long Island sends sachem Checkanoe (Cockenoe) to Hartford, Connecticut, to plead for their property rights before the Commissioners of the United Colonies of New England. No copy of any previous deed transfer can be found; the commissioners find for the tribes.

Sep 15

Maidstone requires property owners to mark their boundaries, with a fine of 2s 6d for every lot not marked.

Oct 15

Maidstone encourages those with grievances to let them be publicly known.

Nov 2

Maidstone's General Court rules that each man shall vote on each debated issue by show of hand or be fined 6d.

Dec 3

Maidstone appoints Thomas Talmage town whale watcher for the year.

Dec 27

A second, repeat, sale of Long Island Indian lands to colonial purchasers take place.


The Van Schaick family is awarded a land patent at Beverwyck (Albany). ** Escaped Royalist Grissel Sylvester Lloyd, young bride of James Lloyd, arrives at Shelter Island, bringing box plants from her garden back in England. The Lloyds are among the first white settlers on the island.


Jan 3

Maidstone orders that half the townspeople be sufficiently armed each Lords Day, subject to a 12d fine, and to bring their arms to town on one day's notice.

Feb 2

Maidstone decides to invite Southold weaver "Goodman" Morgan to relocate, promising him 5 pounds sterling and free land.

Mar 26

Maidstone bans selling provisions to Indians during harvest time. Any doing so will be fined 6d for each pound of bread or quart of meal.

Apr 26

Maidstone, fearing plots by the Dutch in New Amsterdam, forbids Indians to enter town, especially when armed.

May 6

Maidstone rules that the watch will arrive at dusk; if any man fails to show up a replacement will be hired at the delinquent's expense. Also shot and powder will be ordered from Connecticut, to be paid for by butter or cheese at Clarke's home, at Michaelmas.

May 9

Maidstone decides that no citizen shall live away from town without letting three others know the details of his absence. A fine of 40 shillings shall be leveled for each day's unexplained absence.

Jun 9

Maidstone (East Hampton) authorizes a highway west to Georgica.

Jun 13

William Edwards of Maidstone (East Hampton) sues a Mrs. Price for accusing his wife of lying. Thomas Baker testifies that Mrs. Edwards has blamed her husband for bringing her to a godless place without ministers or magistrates. Edwards drops the suit.

Jun 23

Maidstone orders a watering pond to be dug at a spring east of the village, by all those owning cattle. Ralph Dayton and Thomas Baker are named as overseers of the project.


Word arrives in the colonies that England and Holland have signed a peace treaty.

Aug 2

Maidstone calls for the town's cattle to be driven out to Wainscott each day, with Thomas Osborne having the first turn, then rotating among the owners.

Jul 5

Two meadows outside of Maidstone, one at Accabonac and one at Northwest, are apportioned out to the townspeople.

Sep 16

Maidstone agrees to give "Goodman" Davis 7 1/2 acres of land after he brings in two more crops on the plain east of the village.

Nov 3

The Iroquois sign a general peace with the French at Montreal.

Dec 9

Maidstone votes to abide by the laws of Connecticut.


English settlers from Hempstead are colonizing the Hicksville, Jericho, Oyster Bay and Westbury areas of Long Island.


Jesuit father Antoine Poncet, captured by the Mohawks under Tekarihoken, in Canada, is brought through the Black River area.


Feb 4

A daughter, Geertruy, is born to Philip Pieterson Schuyler and Margretta van Schlectenhorst in Albany.


Pogatticut (Yoki), Grand Sachem of the Long Island tribes, dies near the shores of Little

Peconic Bay between the two forks of the island. He is succeeded by his brother

Wyandanch, the sachem of the Montauks.

May 23

Maidstone moves the house next to Joshua Garlicke's off the Common and converts it to a prison.

Jun 8

Several male residents of Maidstone are accused of sexual self gratification.

Jun 10

The total of Maidstone men charged rises to four.

Jun 26

Three of the four accused in Maidstone, servant Daniel Fairfield, a servant of Joshua Garlicke, and John Davis, are whipped, while Fairfield is pilloried as well. The fate of the fourth man, John Hand, Jr., whose father is on the investigating committee, is unrecorded.

Jun 29

Maidstone agrees to a request from Connecticut to assist England against the Dutch.

Oct 3

Maidstone votes to adopt a version of the Connecticut constitution.

Oct 24

Maidstone signs a Covenant, incorporating the town on religious principles in the Connecticut manner. 40 inhabitants sign.

Nov 9

Maidstone passes legislation placing Lion Gardiner in charge of whale watchers, calling for a road across the swamp to the plain, requiring each man to initial the corners of his property, and placing Thomas Baker in charge of the Ordinary (tavern).


Title to the Westchester County Town of East Chester is acquired from the local Indians and confirmed.

(c) 2010 David Minor / Eagles Byte

Tuesday, December 14, 2010



Mar 20

Amsterdam merchants William Banker and Hero May write to advise officers of New York they will be arranging the freedom of hostages of the Barbary pirates and that Trinity Church funds from the colony, sent for the same purpose, will be returned.


The population reaches 5,000. ** Isaac De Reimer (D. Dromer) is appointed mayor. ** The second City Hall is completed, at the north end of Broad Street.


The New Utrecht Reformed Church is built, , adjoining the ca. 1653 New Utrecht Reformed Dutch Church Cemetery.

Staten Island

An addition is made to the home of Captain Thomas Stillwell, containing a paneled fireplace and feather edge partition. The house, on the future Richmond Road, will later be known as the Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House.




Thomas Noell is appointed mayor. ** Netherlands-born Dutch Reformed Church minister Henricus Selyns dies, at the age of 65.

Staten Island

A ferry begins running between Port Richmond and Bayonne, New Jersey.



New York City mayor Thomas Hood dies.


New York City's common council reports many ill and dying of an epidemic.

Oct 19

Philip French is appointed mayor of New York City.


New York's epidemic dies out after killing 570 citizen, closet to 12% of the city's population.

Nov 6

Westchester County landowner Frederick Philipse dies in New York City at the age of 76.

Nov 26

The Reverend George Keith preaches in New York's Trinity Church. Afterwards Governor Cornbury invites him and church rector William Vesey to dine with him at Fort Henry. Cornbury passes along his recommendations for justices of the peace, occasioned by "abusive entertainment" suffered by Keith at the hands of local Quakers.

Dec 10

New York French Church minister the Reverend Peter Peiret petitions Lord Cornbury to resume a salary previously received from the city due to the smallness of his congregation, for his living expenses. Cornbury agrees to a 20 pound per year pension until Peiret's death.


The corporation of the city cedes land to the vestry of Trinity Church, as long as the churchyard will be maintained neatly. ** A three-month epidemic apparently comes in from St. Thomas (to be named yellow fever in 1973), kills off nearly one-tenth of the population. ** Dutch publisher Peter Schenk releases his drawing "New Amsterdam, a Small Town in New Holland in North America, on the Island of Manhattan, Renamed New York when it Became Part of the Territory of the English", portraying Nieu Amsterdam around 1673, in his Hecatompolis.


Oct 4

William Peartree is appointed mayor of New York City, serves to 1707.

Oct 14

City government moves from the Dutch Stadt Huys on Pearl Street to City Hall on Wall Street.

Nov 27

New York acting colonial governor James De Lancey is born in New York City, to merchant Etienne (later Stephen) De Lancey (Delancey) and Anne Van Cortlandt De Lancey.


The population reaches 4,436. ** An unfamiliar and often fatal disease strikes the city - probably yellow fever - from St. Thomas. Many townspeople flee up the island for the duration. ** The City's Assembly votes 1,500 pounds to build two defensive batteries at the Narrows, the money raised by a poll (head) tax. Royal governor Viscount Cornbury appropriates the money for his own use. When the Assembly objects, Cornbury dissolves the body, and its successor. ** Creiger's (Kriger's) Tavern, at 9-11 Broadway, is replaced by the King's Arms tavern.


Legislation calls for the establishment of a road between New York City and the Connecticut line to the east (later the Boston Post Road


Feb 28

French immigrant Elias Neau opens the first school for blacks in New York City.

Apr 3

New York officials, learning that the widow Rombouts and some of her neighbors plan to knock down fortifications on the west side of Broadway and fence in the area from the street to the Hudson River, forbid the project.

Apr 11

A group of New York citizens petition the authorities to ban public auctions, as favoring jobbers and brokers. Nothing is done.


The Reverend Jacques Laborie becomes pastor of New York's French Church - Le Temple du Saint-Esprit.

May 25

8,925 feet of city-owned land near New York's Battery is offered for sale at a minimum of threepence a foot.

Jul 18

The rector and trustees of Trinity Church petition royal governor Cornbury, to regain unused money set aside in 1697 for the ransom of those kidnapped by Barbaray pirates, for the church's buildng funds. It's referred to committee.


The committee approves the petition.

Dec 13

Reverend Laborie having petitioned Royal governor Lord Cornbury for a salary of 20 pounds a year, the amount his predecessor was allotted, has his request approved.


Dormer Island in the Bronx has become Dorman's Island. ** Mrs. Sarah Knight travels from Boston to New York and returns, describing her journey in The Private Journal. ** French Huguenots build the Church du St. Esprit on Pine Street near Nassau. ** Quakers begin holding services in a meeting house off an alley between Liberty Street and Maiden Lane. ** Ferry Road, a Brooklyn road, is laid out leading down to Fulton Ferry Landing.

Staten Island

Resident Captain Thomas Stillwell dies. His 1660s’ house is passed down to his son-in-law Nicholas Britton.

(c) 2011 Eagles Byte / David Minor

Wednesday, December 8, 2010

The Eggman Cometh

April 10, 2004

The famous poet and story teller from the north, not getting any younger, seeks warmer climes. He arrives in the town by the sea, writes some poems about farming, then dies. Big Yawn! Let's give it to the boys in rewrite. Tell 'em to punch it up a bit. So the rewrite crew, better known as the Medieval Mythmakers, takes the basic outline and cooks up their own version. Which goes something like this -

Long ago, in some Un-United Kingdom far to the west, a Druid magician and astrologer bedded the goddess Maia, or maybe one of her descendants, who soon gave birth to a son. (In an example of dueling myths, some versions even state Maia was a virgin.) It's said that on the day of his birth the ground under Rome shook. Perhaps looking far into the future and getting hooked on television westerns, Dad decided to call the boy Virgil. His parents initiated him into the mystical arts and, at the age of 14, he was sent off to a deserted temple to wait for visions. He was about to get a little shut-eye his first night when something told him to look under the rock he was going to use as a pillow. He uncovered an urn and pulled the stopper, releasing a demon, a beautiful female demon, who gave him a book of spells and a magic wand. And he was off to Hogwarts. No, that was another wizard; he was off east, to Rome.

He spent the first part of his life in the Italian capital, tossing off poetry and the occasional enchantment. Tourists can see the results of one of the latter in Rome today, the Bocca della Verita or Mouth of Truth. One wall at the Church of Santa Maria, contains a large face with a gaping mouth. You place your hand into the mouth. If you are telling the truth you will be unharmed; if there's a lie in your heart or on your lips the mouth snaps shut on your hand. I'm not making this up; ask any tour guide.

After writing the Aeneid Virgil did head south. Traveling down Italy's west coast he eventually came upon the city of Parthenope. Perched between a mountain and a wide, sweeping bay, the city's beauty worked its spell on the magician and he settled in, an early snowbird. There were many other newcomers to the area and it soon became necessary to start a suburb. Which quickly outgrew it's parent and was given the name Neapolis. Later it was decided that 'Naples' was easier to spell.

Virgil, falling in love with the sunny south, decided to make Naples his final dwelling place, but also felt that some home insurance wouldn't be a bad idea. Home-made, of course. Easter hadn't been invented yet, but the far-seeing magician decided to color an egg. Summoning up an ostrich egg, he colored half yellow, with an image of the sun on it, and the rest blue, bearing the symbol of the moon. He then said some magic words and proceeded to carry the egg around the walls of the entire city. Afterwards he passed the egg through vapors from burning sulfur as he intoned: "Though many live and die, the Egg remains, The twofold Egg that turns through night and day. Its shell contains the Force of Life within, Protected from the Chaos that surrounds. So also this our home shall be secure, However long the Egg is kept intact."

He then placed the egg in a cage supported by four pillars, symbolizing the four elements (This made for a very simple Periodic Table). The resulting structure was placed in a hole in the ground and a fortress was built over it. On an egg-shaped floor plan for extra insurance. It must have worked. Go to Naples today and you'll be shown the prison called Castello dell'Ovo, or Castle of the Egg.

Script 358

(c) 2004 David Minor / Eagles Byte

Saturday, November 27, 2010


Click on photo to enlarge

© 2010 David Minor / Eagles Byte

Wednesday, November 24, 2010

EASTERN NEW YORK Timeline - 1640s


Mar 10

Edward Howell, Daniel Howe, Job Sayer, Edward Farrington and four other new residents of Lynn, Massachusetts, draw up The Disposall of the Vessell, articles of agreement in which the ship they arrived in is turned over to Howe, who agrees in exchange to make six trips over the next two years to convey and supply the others while they settle Paumanacke (Long Island). ** The Earl of Stirling gives Lion Gardiner a grant of Long Island's Isle of Wight (Gardiner's Island).

Apr 7

Lord Alexander's deputy James Farret and the eight Puritans from Lynn formalize their agreement. They may establish a colony of eight miles square on Paumanacke, in exchange for four bushels of Indian corn, the price set by Connecticut governor John Winthop, Jr.


The Lynn colonists sail for the western end of Long Island, late in the month, after being interrogated for a few days at New Amsterdam. They are accompanied by a woman and child.

May 13

New Amsterdam governor William Kieft and his council learn that the Lynn group have started building homes and replaced the coat of Dutch arms - fastened to a tree - with a fool's face.

May 15

Kieft sends secretary Cornelia van Tienhoven to Brooklyn to investigate the removal of the coat of arms, and to peacefully bring settlers back to Manhattan to explain their actions.

May 16

Six of the English settlers are brought before Kieft, convince him they did not dishonor the Dutch coat of arms. He orders them to leave the western end of Long Island.

May 27

The Lynn English sail into an inlet (which they name North Sea) toward the eastern end and name the area Conscience Point.

Jun 20

Farrett issues the Lynn pilgrims their grant. They name their settlement Southampton and set up a government.

Dec 13

The Shinnecock Indians sign a treaty with Southampton, deeding part of their land to the settlers and promising food next year, in return for protection from other tribes.


Albany's first church (Reformed Protestant Dutch) is built. ** The approximate date the reverend John Youngs, Matthias Corwin, Barnabas Horton, Thomas Mapes, John Tuthill, William Wells, and other church members from New Haven, Connecticut, found the Long Island town of Southold. ** The West India Company relinquishes its monopoly, makes New Netherland a free trading zone.



Adriaen van der Donck sails from Leiden (Leyden) for the New World in Den Eyckenboom (the Oak Tree). Wealthy Flemish farmer Cornelis Melyn is a fellow passenger.


Dutch wheelwright/schout (sheriff) Claes Swits is beheaded by a Wickquasgeck Indian he's invited into his home on the Rensselaerwyck lands. Fifteen years before the Indian, then twelve-years-old, was the sole survivor of a massacre of fellow tribesmen by Europeans.

Sep 9

A daughter, Elizabeth, is born to Lion and Mary Gardiner on Long Island's Isle of Wight.


Adriaen van der Donck graduates from the University of Leiden (Leyden} with a degree in jurisprudence.



Adriaen van der Donck, is sent to Manhattan by his employer, patroon Kiliaen Van Rennselaer, to bring back a runaway female indentured servant. Discovering she's about to give birth, he allows her to remain until the infant's old enough to travel. Van Rensselaer is displeased.

Dec 11

Faced with English settlers in Westchester County and on Long Island, Kieft appoints a special English secretary.


The first ordained minister in New Netherland, Reverend Johannes Megapolensis is made pastor of the Rensselaerswyck (Albany) new Reformed Protestant Dutch church. He visits Niagara Falls. ** Dutch-born Arent Van Curler makes his first visit to the site of Schenectady. ** Mahican warriors begin arriving at villages of the Wecquaesgeek (Wappinger) Indians along the eastern bank of the lower Hudson River, seeking tribute, in order to pay for Dutch weapons.

Long Island

Rhode Island Narragansett sachem Miontonimo and 100 warriors visit Metoac villages in the summer to recruit allies for a war against the Mohegan in Connecticut. Governor Kieft misinterprets the Indians' intention, becoming convinced a secret uprising is being organized against Europeans.


May 19

Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Haven colonies, meeting in Boston, draw up a series of resolves to unite.


Arent van Curler writes to his uncle, Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, in Amsterdam, reports that agent Adriaen Van der Donck has been exploring Catskills land west of the patroon's land, probably intends to start a colony there.


Siwanoy Indians under sachem Wampage murder Anne Hutchinson and her family in Eastchester.

Sep 8

The colonies that met in Boston form the New England Confederation (United Colonies). Long Island and New Hampshire are included.

Sep 13

Kieft seeks counsel from a new body, The Eight.


John Carman and Robert Fordham arrive on Long Island from Stamford, Connecticut, negotiate for a 10-mile-wide strip from the Sound to the Atlantic with the Indians, and start the first English settlement, on the island's Hempstead Plains.


The approximate date diamond merchant, land speculator and Dutch West India Company founder-director Kiliaen van Rensselaer dies in Amsterdam in his late forties (exact dates unknown) never having seen his New World lands.


Feb 25

A number of black New Amsterdam slaves, having worked for the West India company for over 18 years, are granted conditional emancipation.


English and Dutch colonists destroy Canarsee, Massapequa, and Merrick villages on western Long Island.


The approximate date Adriaen van der Donck's term as law officer at Rensselaerwyck expires.


English-Connecticut mercenary John Underhill, along with two companies of 120 volunteers, and Mohegan scouts, hired by Kieft for 25,000 guilders, kills over 120 Indian men, women and children at their fort (Fort Neck) near today's Massapequa. ** Connecticut pioneers, among them John Seren, settle north of Long Island's Hempstead Plains.


Aug 9

The Dutch and the Algonquin establish peace through Mohawk intermediaries.

Nov 24

The Hudson River freezes over for the season at Rensselaerwyck.


On a trip up the Hudson River to Fort Orange (Albany) Kieft meets with the local tribes, notices one native interpreter painting his face with a lump of what the governor thinks might be gold.


May 30

French Jesuit missionary Father Isaac Jogues renames the Iroquois' An-Di-A-Ta-Roc-Te (Lake George) Lac du Saint Sacrement, in honor of the Feast of Corpus Christi.


Joques and lay brother Jean de Lalande, are sent out from Montréal to found a mission to the Iroquois.

Oct 18

Iroquois Indians in the Mohawk Valley murder Jocques and de LaLande.


The patroon system is judged a failure by the Dutch West India Company.


A 40-foot-long whale is beached at the mouth of the Mohawk River during Spring floods. Four others will be beached in the area this year.


Apr 29

Sachems of the Montauk, Circhake, Monhansuck-Ahaquazuwamuck and Shinnecock tribes sign a treaty conveying Long Island lands east of Southampton to New Haven governor Theophilus Eaton and Connecticut governor Edward Hopkins, for 20 coats, 24 mirrors, 24 hatchets, 24 hoes, 24 knives and100 awls, retaining the right to fish and hunt on the land.


The approximate date the Long Island English buy 30,000 acres of land from the Montaukett Indians, name the resulting settlement Maidstone, sometimes calling it Easthampton. ** The Van Rensselaer family hires Brant van Schlictenhorst to manage their estates.


Mar 16

Over a thousand Senecas and Mohawks attack the Huron villages of Saint-Ignace and Saint-Louis in Ontario.


Two Connecticut Pequot Indians kill and scalp Phoebe Halsey in her Maidstone (later Southampton), Long Island, home. The settlers summon sachem Wyandanch of the Montauketts, charge him with finding the killers. Lion Gardiner stays with the Montauketts as hostage. Wyandanch brings back the killers and turns them over to the settlers. Gardiner moves his family into Easthampton.

Jul 28

The Remonstrance of New Netherland is signed. It will be published in Holland later in the year.

Nov 7

Talks are held in Connecticut concerning the possible union of the colony with that of Maidstone (Southampton) on Long Island. Nothing will come of the idea until 1658.


The Hurons, Neutrals and Eries are defeated by the Iroquois. ** The first purchase of land from Indians in the future Westchester County town of Greenburgh is made.

Long Island

Settlers on the eastern end plant crops, lay out a road and land boundaries, raise buildings, clear a swamp and establish a cemetery. A government is set up and tradesmen are invited to settle. ** East Hampton proprietors purchase the remainder of the Montauketts' land for £100 Sterling.

© 2011 – David Minor – Eagles Byte