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Friday, November 23, 2012



Jan 14                 
Alexander Hamilton presents his first public credit statement to the U. S. Congress, advocating the payment of U. S. debts at par value, and the Federal assumption of all state debts incurred during the war.

Jan 30                 
Cornelius Van Schack Roosevelt, future grandfather of Theodore Roosevelt, is born in New York City to sugar refiner and banker Jacobus (James) Roosevelt and his wife Mary Helen Van Schaack Roosevelt. Cornelius will be christened at the Reformed Dutch Church on April 1

George and Martha Washington move into the Macomb Mansion of architect John McComb, Sr. at 39 Broadway, on Bowling Green.

Feb 1                 
The U. S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time, in New York City, at the Royal Exchange.

Feb 3                 
New York authorizes the transfer of New Jersey’s Sandy Hook lighthouse, built by New York, to the U. S. government.

Feb 11                 
Congress receives its first antislavery petitions.    **    James Madison addresses Congress on Hamilton's funding proposals.

Mar 1                 
Congress passes the Census Act, calling for a census every ten years.

Mar 21                 
Thomas Jefferson arrives in New York City and reports to President George Washington to be made Secretary of State.

Mar 22                 
Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as U. S. Secretary of State.

Apr 4                 
The U. S. Coast Guard is created, under the Treasury Department, to suppress smuggling.   

Apr 10                 
Congress enacts the Patent Act in an attempt to rectify the expense and difficulty of the British patent process.

Apr 12                 
The House of Representatives defeats the Assumption Act.

Apr 20                 
President Washington begins a tour of Long Island, dining with a Mr. Barre of New Utrecht.

The New-York Magazine; or, Literary Repository publishes a drawing of Columbia College.

May 1                 
Jefferson is struck by a violent headache and incapacitated for a month.    **    Philadelphia printer William Bradford leaves Westchester County to travel into New York City. Tomorrow he will describe the “May-day” festivities he encounters there in a letter to his wife.

May 26                 
The Southwest Territory (Tennessee) is given a Territorial government. Congress also accepts the last of North Carolina's western lands. They are designated the Territory South of the River Ohio.

May 31                 
Congress enacts its first copyright law.

Jun 2                 
Jefferson moves to 57 Maiden Lane.

Jun 7                 
American Revolution hero Colonel Jeromus Remsen, who fought in the battle of Long Island, dies at the age of 54, and is buried in the family plot in Middle Village, Queens , the first interment there..

Jun 20                 
Congress, at the urging of Hamilton, passes the Assumption Act, at the price of a compromise — the placing of the capital in a southern location.

Jul 3                 
The Commissioners of the state’s land office meet in New York City. Governor George Clinton presides. They review surveys of 25 Military Townships and name them, then appoint Robert Harpur and Lewis A. Scott to draw ballots. Over the next six days, lots of 500 to 600 acres are assigned at random to the veterans of the New York Continental Line.

Jul 4
The Episcopal Middle Dutch Church designed by Richard Upjohn,  – used by the British as part of a prison complex until their departure in 1783 - is revived as a church.

Jul 10
Washington revisits the Morris-Jumel Mansion.

Jul 12                 
Jefferson outlines a policy to be followed if the Spain and Britain go to war over Nootka Sound.   

Jul 13                 
Jefferson submits his Report on Coinage, Weights, and Measures.

Jul 16                 
Congress votes in favor of the Residence Bill, to make Philadelphia home of the national government for ten years, while another site, to be selected by the President, is prepared.

Jul 23                 
Congress passes the Non-Intercourse Act, promising the Iroquois will not be cheated out of their land. All land transfers must be done under the U. S. auspices, with an agent present.

Aug 1                 
The first U. S. census is completed. New York City’s population is 33,000.

Aug 4                 
The Congressional Funding Act establishes public credit, authorizes the Treasury to accept war bonds as debt payment, and assumes all state debts to the Federal government.    **    Congress authorizes the construction and equipping of revenue cutter vessels.   

Aug 7                 
The U. S. signs a treaty with Creek Indian Alexander McGillivray at New York's Federal Hall, to preserve peace with the Indians of the southwestern area of the states.

Aug 12                 
Congress recesses. Philadelphia becomes the temporary capital of the U. S.

Aug 15                 
Washington and Jefferson leave New York for Rhode Island.

Aug 24                 
The New York Daily Advertiser carries an item on engraver William Rollinson’s depiction of U. S. President George Washington.

Sep 1                 
Jefferson leaves New York for Monticello.

Oct 7                 
Francois Joseph Gossec’s opera Le Tonnelier is performed at New York’s City Tavern, with a ball following. It is the first musical work performed in the city in a foreign tongue.

John McComb’s Government House is built in lower Manhattan, as a residence for George Washington. The U. S. Customs House sits on the site today.   **    A U. S. Army garrison is stationed on Governor's Island.    **    The second Trinity Church is built, to replace the one destroyed by fire in 1776.    **    Fort George, formerly Fort Amsterdam, at the southern tip of Manhattan, is demolished.    **    John Jacob Astor begins shipping pelts to London’s Thomas Backhouse and Company.    **    Astor and De Witt Clinton  join the Holland 8 Lodge of the Masons. Other members include Clinton’s uncle Governor George Clinton and merchant Robert R. Livingston.    **    Captain Robert Richard Randall buys the Elliott estate north of Greenwich Lane from “Baron” Poelnitz for £5,000, with the intention of building a home for retired sailors on the property.    **    Sarah Haswell Rowson's novel Charlotte Temple; A Tale of Truth, is published.    **    The city's seven wards are given numerical designations.    **    Lewis Morris is authorized to build a toll drawbridge across the lower Harlem River.    **    Congress charters the Bank of the United States, with its main office here;  the city's first bank.    **    English painter William Winstanley arrives in the city.    **    New York’s population surpasses that of Boston.    **     Ann Berton, wife of ship owner Peter Berton, dies. The couple are ancestors of Canadian historian/author Pierre Berton.    **    The Greenwood family purchases the property at the future 20 Vesey Street, future site of the 1907 New York Post Building.    **    The city buys seven acres of land from the Herring family for use as a potter’s field and execution ground. It will become part of Washington Square in the late 1820s.    **    The post-colonial fence surrounding Trinity Church – begun in 1788 – is completed.

Staten Island
Further additions are made to the former home of Captain Thomas Stillwell. The house, on the future Richmond Road, will later be known as the Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House.

© 2012         David Minor / Eagles Byte