New York City businessman Theophylact Bache is born in Settle, England.
Weekly Journal publisher John Peter Zenger, defended by Philadelphia lawyer Andrew Hamilton, is acquitted in a libel case in New York City in a one-day trial, establishing the tradition of Freedom of the Press in America. The popular party toasts Hamilton that night.
Zenger is discharged. Hamilton sails for Philadelphia, honored by salutes from ships in the harbor.
New York’s Common Council votes Andrew Hamilton the freedom of the city – a seal in a gold box.
The first almshouse is built. ** Paul Richard is appointed mayor. ** Trinity Church is enlarged. ** John Van Zandt is cleared of the charge of whipping a slave to death; the result considered a "visitation of God".
A ball is given in honor of the Prince of Wales’ birthday, at Robert Todd’s Black Horse Tavern, on Manhattan’s future Fulton Street.
John Peter Zenger publishes an account of his trial for seditious libel.
An earthquake measuring the equivalent of approximately 5.0 on today’s Richter Scale strikes the New York city area.
Johannes Klemm, a Moravian organ builder, builds the first American-built organ for Trinity Church. ** Irish military officer William Johnson arrives from England. ** Trinity Church is enlarged for the second time in two years. ** A recession occurs. ** The Merchants' Coffee House opens. ** The city’s first volunteer fire department is formed, using equipment imported from England. ** The 1719 De Lancey residence at Pearl and Broad streets has now become a public meeting place (soon to be known as Fraunces Tavern).
New York congressman Jeremiah Van Rensselaer is born in New York City.
A volunteer fire department is organized.
Lieutenant-Governor George Clarke, President of the New York City Council, writes to the Duke of Newcastle, British Secretary of State, informing him that because of a smallpox outbreak he’s moved the assembly north to the Manhattan village of Greenwich.
Former shipper, slave trader and alderman John Cruger is appointed mayor, remains for five one-year terms. ** Lewis Morris, Jr. is named vice-admiralty judge of New York.
© 2011 David Minor / Eagles Byte