Three Lutheran ministers, including Reverend Wilhelm Christoph Berkenmeyer, travel to Rhinebeck and forcefully depose the confrontational Reverend John Christopher Hartwick. He moves on to Pennsylvania.
Major John André is born in London to a Swiss merchant and his wife.
Trader Evert Wendell dies in Albany at the age of 69.
The 8,000-acre Rightmeyer’s Patent, in Schoharie and Greene counties, is granted to Ury Rightmeyer and others.
English-Iroquois go-between William Johnson writes to New York governor George Clinton, to complain of the French governor, the Marquis de la Joinquière, who is offering rewards for the heads of traders George Croghan and Hugh Lowry.
De la Joinquière receives a letter from Clinton protesting the French presence at the Niagara River portage and demanding its removal.
John Burnet notes that Governor George Clinton has replaced him as coroner with Anthony Rutgers over a disagreement with Burnet’s pursuit of Abigail Stibbin’s English
murderers, which Clinton opposed for political reasons.
William Johnson writes to Clinton, resigning his post as Indian agent.
Iroquois chiefs arrive at Canajoharie to bemoan the loss of William Johnson as liaison with the British.
The approximate date Peoria is founded, in Albany County. ** A few German families settle the future Albany County town of Bern. About this date some families begin moving into the western end of Ulster County. ** The approximate date settlement of the Cobleskill area begins.
Abbé François Piquet leaves northern New York's Fort Présentation (Oswegatchie) for Toronto, heading for the western end of Lake Ontario, seeking Indian converts.
Iroquois chief Tyanoga (known to the British as Hendrick) speaks to delegates from
Massachusetts, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and South Carolina, in Albany, asking colonial governor George Clinton to have William Johnson reinstated as Indian
agent. Johnson will not reconsider.
The Iroquois depart from Albany.
Swedish scientist Peter Kalm's Travels into North America is translated into English, bringing a new interest in Niagara Falls. ** Indian agent Sir William Johnson buys land surrounding Onondaga Lake from the local tribe for $15,000.
Great Britain and the colonies officially adopt the Gregorian Calendar, making January and February the beginning months of the year, rather than the final months.
The 18,000-acre Turloch Patent, in Schoharie County, is granted to Jacob Borst and others.
The 2,324-acre Herkimer’s Patent, in Herkimer County, is granted to Joost Johan Herkimer and others.
British naval officer and Mohawk Valley landowner Sir Peter Warren, uncle of William Johnson, dies in Ireland in his late forties.
The 14,000-acre Yong’s Patent, in Herkimer County, is granted to Theobald Young and others.
Young’s Patent, in Otsego and Schoharie counties, is granted to Frederick Young.
Troy’s first house is built. ** The approximate date Palatine German settlers build Fort Herkimer Church, named for the fortified home of Johan Jost Herkimer.
The 2,640-acre Lawyer’s Patent, in Schoharie County, is granted to Johannes Lawyer and others.
The 4,000-acre Banyar’s Patent, in Oswego and Schoharie counties, is granted to Goldsbrow Banyar and others.
The New York provincial council meets with a delegation of Mohawk at Albany. Chief Hendrick (Theyanoguin), angered at being cheated of 750,000 acres of land by the Kayaderosseras Partners speculators, breaks off relations with Governor George Clinton.
The 20,000-acre Kingsborough Patent, in Fulton County, is granted to Arent Stevens and others. The 6,000-acre Lansing’s Patent, in Herkimer County, is granted to Jacob Lansing and others.
George Clinton is replaced as Royal Governor of New York, by Sir Danvers Osborne.
The French build a wagon road across the southern tier, along the future path of Route 17. ** The maximum amount of land permitted in an individual's grant is reduced from 2000 acres to 1000. ** Naturalist Jane Colden has catalogued and described 142 plant specimens. ** Indian mission school founder Gideon Hawley and Lebanon, Connecticut, Indian school founder Eleazer Wheelock, both visit Sir William Johnson at Fort Johnson.
The 20,000-acre Lyne’s Patent, the second, in Herkimer County, is granted to John Lyne, and others.
Albany mayor John Ten Eyck Lansing is born there to gunsmith and merchant Gerrit Jacob Lansing and his wife Jannetje Waters Lansing.
The 6,000-acre Becker’s Patent, in Schoharie County, is granted to Johannes Becker and others.
Massachusetts provincial governor William Shirley writes to colonial officials Samuel
Welles, John Chandler, Thomas Hutchinson, Oliver Partridge, and John Worthington
inviting them to a meeting in June in Albany New York, with representatives of the Five
Nations, making them presents and confirming their good relations with the colonials
and to discuss colonial confederation. This gathering will become known as the Albany Congress.
Connecticut governor Thomas Fitch names William Pitkin, Roger Wolcot Jr. and Elisha Williams as delegates to the upcoming Albany Congress.
Connecticut governor Thomas Fitch writes to local colonial commissioners William Pitkin, Roger Wolcott Junior and Elisha Williams, assigning them to attend the colonial meeting in Albany, New York, on June 14th, to plan for the defense of the colonies and use the use of allied Indians in common defense against those allied with the French.
New Hampshire colonial governor Benning Wentworth declares he has assigned Theodore Atkinson, Richard Wibird, Meshech Weare and Henry Sherburne as delegate to the congress to be held in Albany, to represent his colony, in discussions regarding the Six Nations of New York Indians.
25 delegates from seven colonies, including Pennsylvania’s Benjamin Franklin, hold the Albany Congress at city hall to discus confederation. Other representatives have come from New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York and Maryland. Franklin advises the formation of a series of land companies as a barrier against the French.
The Plan of Union is tentatively adopted by the Albany Congress.
The Albany Congress adjourns.
John Burnet is reappointed coroner for the City of New York. Since he now lives out of town he is replaced by Dutchess County lawyer Bartholomew Crannell, currently maintaining offices in Manhattan.
The marquis du Duquesne meets in Québec with an Iroquois delegation from Onondaga, come to repair relations with the French. ** English secretary of war Henry Fox announces that officers appointed to command in America should report to their posts and that colonial governors should collect funds from their assemblies for use of the commander in chief.
The 16,000-acre Klock’s Patent, in Montgomery County, is granted to George Klock and others.
Former city of New York coroner John Burnet is named a notary public.
Scots-born Charleston, North Carolina, doctor-botanist Alexander Garden moves to Coldengham, New York, near the estate of his friend, politician Cadwalladar Colden. Naturalist John Bartram, collecting in the Catskills, visits the two men. ** Dutch settlers arrive in the Berlin area of Albany County under the Van Rensselaer patroonship. ** Lutheran minister John Christopher Hartwick, with the aid of Indian agent Sir William Johnson, buys close to 21,500 acres of land between the Susquehanna River and Otsego Lake, from several Mohawk sachems, promising to pay £100.
© 2012 David Minor / Eagles Byte